同等学力申硕英语真题练习(5)

来源:辅翔同等学力 时间:2020-01-30 10:00:37

  虽然密密麻麻的英语单词令人发慌,但是要想顺利通过同等学力申硕考试就必须要坚持学习和练习。

  Part III Reading Comprehension (25 points)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage three

  Senator Kamala Harris was half right when she said we need to address climate change based on “science fact, not science fiction.” The truth is, we need both. Science fiction has an important role to play in rescuing the future from the huge challenges we’re facing--and the response to Harris’ statement illustrate perfectly.

  When Harris’ statement about climate change went out on social medial, a number of people pointed out the truth: Science fiction has been helping us to prepare for a world of potential climate disasters for years. But an equal number of loud voices disagreed with Harris’s warnings about climate change.

  And that’s why science fiction is more important than Harris gives it credit for. No amount of scientific evidence will convince deniers ---or the vast number of people who merely live in a state of denial. We live in a post truth era in which facts and fiction are blurring into an indistinguishable mass and power belongs to whoever can tell the best story., true or not. What matters is just how something makes us feel-- which is why we need better stories, that, in the words of author Neil Gaiman,”lie order to tell the truth”.

  Stories about climate change might be fiction, but they can help to sway people’s hearts and minds in a different way than a recitation of the undeniable facts. Science fictions creates have been looking for ways to restore people’s faith in the future. Authors such as Alexander Rowland have started a conversation about creating a new type of stories called “Hopepunk” that show people reasons to believe we really can do the hard work of fixing our problems. Some other authors are creating a new genre called "Solarpunk" that aims to tell stories about using technological and scientific innovation to help the environment.

  When the truth becomes near-impossible to distinguish through the fog of disinformation and "alternative facts," people tend to feel powerless to change the world. Activist L.A. Kauffman says people need to be reminded that they "have more collective power than they realize" Adds Kauffman, "There are truths we can get to through the imagination that are hard to get to through purely factual accounts."

  31.How does the author comment on Senator Harris' statement about climate change?

  A. Really confusing

  B. Partially true

  C. Quite convincing

  D. Totally wrong

  32.The deniers in Paragraph 3 refer to those who deny that

  A.science fiction is important

  B. we are in a post truth era

  C.climate change is a serious issue

  D. our opinions actually matter

  33.The author cites Neil Gaiman in order to emphasize that

  A. fiction may better convey the truth

  B. it is difficult to tell fact from fiction

  C. the power of fiction is overestimated

  D. fiction makes us feel better about ourselves

  34.What do “Hopepunk” and “Solarpunk” have in common?

  A. A focus on technological innovation

  B. A vivid description of the harsh reality

  C. An intention to broaden our horizons

  D. An optimistic outlook for the future

  35.What might be Kauffman’s attitude toward science fiction?

  A. Appreciative

  B. Concerned

  C. Negative

  D. Unclear

  答案及解析

  【参考译文】

  参议员卡玛拉·哈里斯( Kamala Harris)在她的2020年总统竞选的演讲中有一半是对的,她说我们需要根据“科学事实而不是科幻小说”来应对气候变化。事实上,我们两者都需要,科幻小在未来将人们从当前所面临的挑战中解救出来发挥着重要作用,人们对哈里斯陈述的回应完美地证明了这一点。当这位加州民主党人关于气候变化的声明在社交媒体上发布时,许多人指出了事实,多年来,科幻小说一直在帮助我们为可能造成气候变化的世界做准备。但是同样多的人反对哈里斯关于气候变化的警告,因为我们在后真相时代,关于人类对地球所做的事情的科学共识在某种程度上仍然是一个观点。这就是为什么科幻小说比哈里斯认为的更重要,再多的科学证据也无法说服否认事实的人—或者是绝大多数生活在否认状态中的人。我们生活在一个后真相时代,在这个时代,事实和虚构正在模糊成难以分辨的混乱,权力属于任何能讲出最好故事的人,无论真实与否,重要的是事情让我们感受到的—这就是为什么我们需要更好的故事,用作家尼尔·盖曼的话来说,谎言是为了说实话,关于气候变化的故事可能是虚构的,但它们可以以不同的方式影响人们的心灵和思想,而不是背诵不可否认的事实。科幻小说的创作者一直在寻找恢复人们对未来信心的方法。亚历山德拉·罗兰( Alexandra Rowland)等作家已经开始创作一种名为“希望朋克”( Hope punk)的新型故事,这些故事让人们有理由相信我们真的胜任解决问题这一艰苦工作。其他一些作家正在创造种名为“ Solarpunk”的新类型,旨在讲述利用科技和科学创新来改善环境的故事当真相在虚假信息和“另类事实”的迷雾中变得无法分辨时,人们往往感到无力改变世界。活动家考夫曼说,人们需要被提醒的是,他们“拥有的集体力量比自己意识到的更多。”考夫曼补充说,“有些真理我们可以通过想象得到,而这些真理是很难通过纯粹的事实叙述得到的。

  31.B【解析】根据文中第一段第二句话“ The truth is, we need both.”可知,参议员哈里斯的陈述,即“要根据科学事实而不是科幻小说来解决气候变化问题”只有部分是正确的,事实上我们既需要科学事实,也需要科幻小说,故选B。

  32.A【解析】根据文中第三段第一句话和第二句话“And that' s why science fiction is more im-rtant thHarris' gives it credit for. No amount of scientific evidence will convince deniers-or thevast number of people who merely live in a state of denial.”即这就是为什么科幻小说比哈里斯认为的更重要,再多的科学证据也无法说服否认事实的人——或者是绝大多数处于否认状态中的人。可推知, deniers是指否认“科幻小说也很重要”这一事实的人,故选A。

  33.A【解析】根据文中第三段最后一句话“ What matters is just how something makes us feel which is why we need better stories, that in the words of author Neil Gaiman, 'lie in order to tell the rth.'”,即“重要的是事情让我们感受到的——这就是为什么我们需要更好的故事,用作者尼尔·盖曼的话来说,谎言是为了说实话。”A项“科幻小说能更好地传达真相”与此相符,故选A。

  34.D【解析】根据文中第四段第三句话和第四句话“ Authors such as Alexandra Rowland have选A。

  started a conversation about creating a new type of stories called Hope punk' that show people reasons to believe we really can do the hard work of fixing our problems. Some other authors are creating a new genre called. Solarpunk' that aims to tell stories about using technological and scientific innovation to help the environment.”即“亚历山德拉·罗兰等作家已经开始讨论,创造一种名为‘希望朋克’的新型故事,这些故事让人们有理由相信我们真的可以胜任解决问题这一艰苦工作。

  在创造一种名为“Solar punk”的新类型,旨在讲述利用科技创新来帮助改善环境的故事。可知,这两种类型的故事的共同之处是未来对环境问题的解决有一个乐观的愿景,故选D。

  35.A【解析】根据文中最后一段的最后一句话“ Adds Kauffman,There are truths we to through the imagination that are hard to get to through purely factual accounts.”即“考夫曼补充说,有些真理我们可以通过想象得到,但却很难通过纯粹的事实叙述得到。”由此可知,考夫曼对补幻小说持肯定态度,故选A。

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