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托福写作精选范文:practicing sports

来源:智课 发布时间:2019-04-18

  各位托福考生们中午好,今天上海托福考试网小编为大家准备了托福写作精选范文:practicing sports,考生可以通过学习范文来掌握某些表达的正确用词,也能吸取经验,找到托福高分作文的技巧,希望对广大考生有帮助。

  Some young children spend a great amount of their time practicing sports. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  1. 题目翻译

  年轻小孩花费太多时间从事体育的好处和坏处?

  2. 审题关键词: Children; Time; Practicing sports

  3. 论证分析:

  TS1: Sports is good for their kids’ development and health

  TS2: Sports is good for their kids’ teamwork spirit

  TS3: Spending too much time doing sports do harm to students study.

  范文

  Most kids love to play sports. It’s important to them, but for the majority, sports are just one type of activity out of many possible options. For a small number of kids, though, a sport may become their whole life focus. They spend almost all their time and energy practicing. This has both advantages and disadvantages.

  Sports are good for young children in many ways. Kids who enjoy sports are likely to have better health. They develop good habits of daily exercise that will keep them healthy as adults, too. Today, many children and adults are obese and unhealthy, but those who love sports stay in good shape and experience drastically improved health. Plus, by developing their physical abilities and improving, they will learn how to work hard towards personal goals. Their achievements in sports will also allow them to feel good about themselves. They’ll also make friends and learn teamwork. Sports, no matter how often, can have positive effects.

  We admire the talent and dedication of young athletes, but we also wonder if they’re missing out on other things. Their focus can be very narrow. If they devote most of their time to sports, are they neglecting schoolwork? What about other interests? Children should try out many different activities, even those they may not initially be interested in. Additionally, many young athletes are pressured by parents or coaches to succeed regardless of cost. Kids whose drive comes from inside usually do well, but others whose pressure comes from outside can be unhappy and have health and emotional problems. So sports, like anything else in excess, can have negative effect too.

  When I was young, I liked books and hated sports. I saw other people who loved sports and hated school. Now that I’m older, I’ve found a better balance. Individuals have to figure out what’s right for them. Is there such a thing as too much sports? There is no right answer, because there is no set standard or “right amount.” Everyone is different.

  满分要素剖析

  一、语言表达

  文章语言比较平实,但是语意表达清晰,也有一些高分的词汇,词组或者是句式。

  1、Sports are good for young children in many ways. 这句话里in many ways表示“在很多方面,从很多方面来说”,这是一个常用的搭配,be+形容词+in many ways,在引出接下来的讨论时使用十分方便。

  2、Plus, by developing their physical abilities and improving, they will learn how to work hard towards personal goals. 开头plus表示“另外,还有”,develop abilities能力,技能的发展,develop在发展,开发这个意义上也是一个性价比很高的动词。

  3、We admire the talent and dedication of young athletes, but we also wonder if they’re missing out on other things. 这句话中有一个常用的句型I/We wonder if…我们/我想知道…是否,wonder在很多语境中表示思考,猜测,想知道的心理活动,比如I was wondering if 句型表示我在想…是否,也是一种委婉语气的表达。admire表示羡慕,欣赏,dedication表示专注。

  4、If they devote most of their time to sports, are they neglecting schoolwork? 这个句子里面有两个结构,devote to表示致力于,专注于。neglect表示忽视,忽略。

  二、逻辑结构

  根据题目要求,这是一个讨论型的议论文,要求讨论学生参加体育运动的两面性,因此整个文章的行文也是从好处和坏处这两方面出发来分别讨论的。开头介绍背景引出讨论,结尾总结强调事物的两面性和个人的特殊性,而非普遍地倒向某一个方面。在分别进行积极与消极作用讨论时,两个方面又各自分两个层次来说明,详细清晰地表达了自己的意见。这类文章的常见模式就是开头铺垫背景,引出讨论,中间展现两面性,结尾再给出自己的建议,属于分总的结构。而两个方面的讨论属于总分的结构。

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