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托福写作精选范文:different kinds of transportation

来源:智课 发布时间:2019-03-14

  托福考生们中午好,今天上海托福考试网小编为大家带来了托福写作精选范文:different kinds of transportation,考生可以通过学习范文来掌握某些表达的正确用词,也能吸取经验,找到托福高分作文的技巧,希望对广大考生有帮助。

  You need to travel from your home to a place 40 miles (64 kilometers) away. Compare the different kinds of transportation you could use. Tell which method of travel you would choose. Give specific reasons for your choice.

  1. 题目翻译:

  你需要到离开你家40英里的地方,比较你可能使用的不同的交通方式,你选择哪种?

  2. 审题关键词:Transportation

  3. 论证分析:

  正:节省时间

  反:节约开支,油费比火车票便宜

  正:可以享受路上的风景

  范文

  There are many different types of transportation which I could use to travel this distance. The type of transportation I would choose depends mainly on how fast I need to get there and how much is costs. Some possibilities are walking, riding an animal,, driving, or using a taxi, bus, or train.

  The most economical choice is walking. It costs nothing and is good for health. The downside is it is time consuming. The average person can walk about 4-5 miles per hour, so this trip would take at least 10 hours. That means I would probably have to spend the night somewhere along the way and divide the trip between two days. If I have to spend money on a hotel and some food, then this choice isn’t as cheap as it seems. Plus, I might arrive at the end tired and with sore feet! Another option is animal transportation. In my area, horses are not common, so it wouldn’t be a practical form of transportation to rely on. I believe that a 40-mile trip would take 2 or 3 hours on a horse. If I had free access to a horse, the cost would be minimal. Of course, first I’d need to learn how to ride!

  With a car, the travel time is under an hour with only the cost of gasoline to consider. However, I don’t own a car, and so renting a car would be quite expensive, but definitely the fastest. Fortunately, I live in an urban area, where there are buses and trains to ride. One of these would be my first choice.

  In short, the kind of transportation depends on how fast I need to get to my destination and how much money I have. If I need to get there as quickly as possible, and money is no issue, I can hire a private taxi. I have never walked 40 miles in one trip and this is an impractical and slow way to travel. I usually depend on the bus and trains, and would do so to travel the 40 miles. Public transportation is cheap and dependable.

  满分要素剖析

  一. 语言表达

  本文中,作者不仅罗列了很多种交通方式,还说明了在不同的情况下会做出不同的选择,并解释了为什么会有不同的选择,全文时而穿插幽默的短语或句子,使人读来妙趣横生,意犹未尽。

  1. The type of transportation I would choose depends mainly on how fast I need to get there and how much is costs. 此句是一个宾语从句,主语是the type of transportation, 谓语是 depends on,介词on后面是两个并列的由how 引导的从句,并且两个从句都是完整的句子。How是连接副词,表示方式。

  2. If I had free access to a horse, the cost would be minimal. 此句是if引导的虚拟语气,一种比较高级的语法,表达了作者对于的一种假设。虚拟语气在写作中的应用非常广泛,大家在平时的写作中可以多加练习。access的基本意思是进入某一地点的“通道; 入口”,侧重进入的手段与途径,其含义是抽象的,一般用作不可数名词。access引申可指“接近或取得…的方法、手段、权利等”,如享用的权利或机会,查阅私人信息的权利,与重要人物见面交谈的许可,离异后对孩子的探访权等。access常与介词to连用。此句中 free access to.. 表示免费使用。与此句相似的句型有: When horses are possible, we had better choose to ride it, because the cost is very small.

  3. However, I don’t own a car, and so renting a car would be quite expensive, but definitely the fastest. 此句中包含了however,and 和 but,这三个词都在句中起连接作用。And 做并列连词用,用来连接两个相同的句子成分。And 连接两个分局时,分句本身都有自己的主语。But 做为并列连词,在意义上起转折作用,but 前后的两个句子或短语在意义上形成鲜明对照。But 用来连接两个分局或两个较长的短语是,前面一半要加逗号。However意为然而,可是,较but 的意味弱,与but的区别主要在于,前者较为正式,but不能置于句首,而however 可以置于句首,句中或句末。

  4. In short, the kind of transportation depends on how fast I need to get to my destination and how much money I have. 此句是文章最后一段的第一句,也就是文章总阶段中的总结句,高度概括了上文,点明中心,重申了自己的观点。全文结构严谨,浑然一体。与此句类似的句型有: In a word, the choosing of transportation depends on our basic requirements for this coming trip.

  二. 逻辑结构

  文章是采用正正正的大正论述结构,分别从步行、骑马和坐车这三种情况来论述的,告诉了我们应该因情况选择,并且灵活处理。这种类型的观点一定要拿捏的比较清楚,否则会让考官觉得我们的立场不明确。每一个段落内都是总分结构,非常中规中矩,而且举了一些生活中的例子,使得论证逻辑严谨,内容丰富。

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