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2018年3月11日托福写作真题答案及解析

来源:智课网 发布时间:2018-03-15

  托福写作中作文体裁多、题材广、难度大,要想写出一篇能够打动阅卷老师的作文,必须多加练习。育路-上海托福考试网整理了2018年3月11日的托福考试写作真题范文及解析,方便各位考生备考复习,希望能够帮助到大家。

  综合写作

  话题分类:请参照资料包内“TOEFL话题分类”给出

  考题回忆:

  总论点

  阅读:人的脑子越来越小的三个原因

  听力:阅读的三个原因并不具有水福利

  阅读部分:

  1. 气候变化导致人类的体型变小,所以脑子也相应变小。

  2. 现代农业主要种植谷物,但grain中的低蛋白会使得脑子变小

  3. 肌肉萎缩使得脑子变小

  听力部分1. 在20000年前,那时候的气候更加多变,人类的脑子也没有变小

  2. 澳大利亚和一些国家是到了现代,才开始吃grain,但他们的脑子和其它东方的人却一样变小了

  3. 肌肉缩小的幅度比脑子缩小的幅度要小

  解题思路:写出来阅读和听力在观点和三个sub points上的对比,同时对听力的细节信息进行阐述

  参考范文:According to the reading article, there are three reasons available to explain why humans’ brains get smaller. However, the professor casts doubt on these three explanations respectively by elaborating details.

  Firstly, the passage refers that the unpredictable climate change is the one to blame for the the smaller size of people’s brains. In terms of this factor, the professor presents her opposite opinion by asserting that dating back to 20000 years ago when the climate change was frequent, brains were not shrinking. In this sense, even though the current climate is changeable, it cannot illustrate why humans’ brains become smaller in this phase.

  Secondly, in the author’s opinion, the prevalence of grains which are rich in low-protein causes people’s brains to undergo shrinkage. Likewise, this theory is also contradicted by the professor. To illustrate, some countries like Australia did not start eating grain until recent centuries. Yet, like the brains of people from others countries, those of these areas also reduced in size.

  Lastly, the lecturer admits the decrease of muscles. Nevertheless, it should not be responsible for brain shrink. It is easy to note that the rate of muscle shrink is lower that that of brain shrink. Thus, muscle shrink does not hold water.

  独立写作

  话题分类:政府类

  考题回忆:People can solve important problems in their daily life on their own or with the help from families. The help from the government is not necessary. Do you agree or disagree?

  解题思路

  政府类话题,离学生生活比较远。所以写的时候格局就得想的比较大。立场还是选择不同意会比较好些,明确政府在人们生活中的种种重要性。

  参考范文:Problems are inevitable in everyone’s life so that support, no matter practical aids or spiritual encouragement, is by no means dispensable. It is noticeably seen that in the face of difficulties, people are more likely to resort to themselves or acquaintances. However, this does not mean than the help from government is negligible. In other words, it is definitely important for the government to provide help for its citizens.

  First of all, the efficiency of solving problems can be substantially boosted by official assistance. To be specific, the government possesses absolute authority in legislation, supervision and regulation. Besides that, it can work collectively with different departments to support activities that benefit the public. For example, if pollutants caused by a given factory contaminate rivers, residents in the vicinity can report this case to the local government. It takes little imagination to predict that the government is bound to take measures to prevent the factory from releasing something less environment-friendly. Needless to say, the intervention of governments is more deterrent to the factory than the complaints from the public. In this sense, governments are well positioned to solve tricky public affairs.

  In addition, the society will be more harmonious with the availability of the aids given by the government. Obviously, it is unwise for the government to create an image that it is far more superior to other social organizations. Otherwise, the gap between governments and common citizens will be widened, which will further distance the authorities from people. As a matter of fact, official are public servants, which means that they ought to work diligently and productively to assist people when harsh time arrives or help disadvantageous people. Presumably, such dedication is also supposed to stimulate the public to be wholeheartedly devoted to city construction and economic development.

  In a nutshell, the government definitely plays an irreplaceable role in building social harmony and easing people from anxiety. From the angle of the authorities, they are supposed to show people that they are always there to save them from troubles. After all, every individual deserves the right to gain official aids.

  推荐阅读:2018年3月11日托福考试真题及答案解析

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