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2017年12月17日托福独立和综合写作考了什么?

来源:小站教育 发布时间:2017-12-19

  托福写作中作文体裁多、题材广、难度大,要想写出一篇能够打动阅卷老师的作文,必须多加练习。那么2017年12月17日托福独立和综合写作考了什么?育路-上海托福考试网整理了2017年12月17日的托福考试写作真题范文及解析,方便各位考生备考复习,希望能够帮助到大家。

  综合

  历史话题

  阅读:支撑英国一个探险家Drake发现了British Columbia的三个理由

  1. Drake的diary可以支撑,因为里面有记录了极端天气,不可能出现在加利福尼亚这个地区,而在以北地区,也就在British Columbia范围内

  2. Drake的report可以支撑,因为里面有一种Pole,这种pole是British Columbia专属的

  3. Drake发现了British Columbia,但是需要保密,只能告知British当局,所以隐藏了信息

  听力:反对(不要take seriously)

  1. 因为听力发现British Columbia很多old trees have growth rings that indicate the old trees stop growing or grow more slowly. 树里面有大量的growth rings,所以证明在那个时候天气很恶劣,而这种恶略的天气在British Columbia不会出现。

  2. 确实这种pole是British Columbia专属的,但是上需要有一些caves ,关于各种话题的caves但是我们在report里面并没有发现这种带有cave的pole

  如果真的隐藏了信息只是告知了British当局,那么当局会派遣sailors 去那个地方,但是我们没有发现任何sailors。

  独立

  如果给朋友推荐reduce living expense的方式:

  1. 找一个室友合租

  2. 不买最新款的手机,buy less frequently

  3. Buy cheap foods and cook home(不要经常在外面吃)

  Which way you will recommend to your friend and why?

  思路:题目问推荐reduce living expense的方式,选找舍友合租。

  三个分论点:

  (1)找舍友合租省下的房租费远多于后两种;

  (2)找舍友合租还可以在其他方面省钱,比如交通拼车啥的;

  (3)让步,找舍友合租固然会有一些不便,但并不严重。

  Sample Answer:

  (开头段:背景引入+他人观点+自己观点+过渡句)

  Due to high level of consumptions, young people can usually find themselves stuck in financial deficit. In this case, how to cut down living expenses obviously become an important problem. Some say they may change their mobile phone in a much lower frequency while others propose that they are more willing to cook by themselves in order to save money. However, I consider renting an apartment with a roommate can be the best solution. My view point is based on the following reasons and examples.

  (分论点1:分论点+展开句+论证)

  To begin with, living with a roommate can help us save much more money than cutting down costs in buying new electric devices or cooking at home. The expense of house renting is higher than the money spending on eating stuff or purchasing mobile phone. Take the young working in Shanghai as an example. Renting fees in Shanghai can reach 5,000 RMB to 7000 RMB in average if young people want to live in some convenient districts rather than in some remote areas. If they find a roommate and get the rent shared, he or she can save at least 2,500 RMB per month. When it comes to saving money by stop buying new mobile phone or quitting eating outside, one may only save several hundred RMB one month. So it will be much more effective if one find a roommate to reduce his or her costs on renting than on cellphone or food.

  (分论点2:分论点+展开句+论证)

  In addition, living with another individual can not only lesson one’s financial pressure in renting fees, but also save money in other aspects. Roommates can share furniture or tools together. For example, when I was just graduate from university, I choose to rent with another girl. When we both moved into our new apartment from our dormitory, the first thing we need to deal with was to buy some necessary items such as cooking pot and sofa, for the house we rent was almost empty—there were only two beds in it. I felt very lucky that I decided to live with another girl rather than living by myself, because I had not to pay all the expenses of buying these equipment myself. Sharing those expenditure with my roommate effectively lessened my financial burden.

  (让步段:承认漏洞,削弱其影响)

  Admittedly, living with another person can lead to some problems. Sometimes, we may encounter with roommates who are quite annoying, like he or she may have several friends singing and dancing in her room till midnight, which will disturb us a lot. Different life style can result in a bad relationship between us and our roommates. Nevertheless, this kind of terrible situation can be prevented by carefully collecting information of our roommates before we make the decision of renting a house with him or her. If we deliberately choose the individual who own a similar living habit as ours, most of the unsatisfactory cases can be avoided ahead of time.

  (结尾段:重述总论点+重述分论点)

  To sum up, compared with keeping using old cellphone and cooking by ourselves, living with a roommate is the best solution when young people want to cut down their expenses. Having another people living with us can share renting fees as well as other various kinds of costs. Although it may lead to some inconvenience, we can effectively eliminate these drawbacks by observing and communicating with our potential roommates before we finally pick up the one we are most likely to get along well with.

  推荐:2017年12月17日托福考试真题及答案解析

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