1. Why does the woman go to see the professor?
A. To ask his opinion regarding a debate about the origins of the Berber people
B. To get feedback on a paper that she recently submitted
C. To propose an alternative topic for a paper she is working on
D. To clarify a point that the professor made in class
2. According to the woman, what error did she make in writing her original paper?
A. She did not follow the advice of the professor's graduate assistant.
B. She forgot to include information about the ancient Romans and Egyptians in the paper.
C. She began writing the paper before completing all the necessary research.
D. She did not provide citations for all the sources she used to write the paper.
3. How does the professor respond when the woman tells him that she wrote a new proposal?
A. He suggests that the woman's original proposal was stronger than the new proposal.
B. He indicates that he could have helped the woman find suitable material for her original proposal.
C. He expresses disappointment that he did not have an opportunity to suggest a new topic for the woman.
D. He suggests possible sources of information about the woman's new topic.
4. What topic is covered in the woman's new proposal?
A. The difference between civilizations that have writing and those that do not
B. The ways in which international organizations interact with contemporary African governments
C. The role of education in premodern Berber societies
D. The ways in which children in some modern-day nomadic communities are educated
5. What is the professor's opinion of the woman's new topic?
A. It is preferable to her original topic.
B. It meets the assignment's requirements.
C. It is too broad to be covered adequately.
D. It is not relevant to current events.
Narrator: Listen to a conversation between a student and her anthropology professor.
Student: You know the topic I submitted for my research proposal, the historical origins of the Berber people of North Africa? Well, I started writing and it just wasn’t working for me. I’m pretty much going nowhere with the research.
Professor: I’m sorry to hear that. It was such an original choice. What happened?
Student: Well, I found plenty of information about Berber’s society in present day North Africa. But even though the evidence points to Berber civilization probably dating back five thousand years, there’s no real scholarly consensus about their ancestry.
Professor: That’s true. We don’t have a consensus. Feelings about their origins range from parts of Europe to the Middle East. Part of the problem is that the Berber language wasn’t traditionally a written one so there aren’t any historical records written by the Berbers themselves that we can trace back to antiquity. As a result, it’s hard to find any direct evidence of their origin.
Student: Yeah. The ancient Egyptians and Romans mentioned them a bit. I thought it was great when the graduate assistant, Raymond, recommended this topic to me. But along with the opposing theories, the main thing is that I just don’t feel I will get enough material to base a paper on. Maybe I should have talked to you first, but I went ahead and wrote a totally new proposal. I hope that’s okay.
Professor: Yes, of course. But I wish we would’ve had this talk before you veered off into this new direction. You know, even though historians haven’t come to a consensus, we could’ve worked together and I’m sure you could’ve written a good paper acknowledging of course that disagreements about the Berber’s origin exist.
Student: Oh, okay.
Professor: And I also would have directed you to Anthrotopics as a place to look.
Student: Anthrotopics? It rings a bell.
Professor: I’m sure I mentioned it in class. It’s a good website for scholarly sources on anthropological classes. Check it out. Maybe you could come back to the Berbers for your second paper.
Student: Okay. I will think about it.
Professor: But in the meantime, you said you have something else?
Student: Yes, it’s about nomadic populations and schooling in parts of Africa like how the whole issue of children attending school is being addressed in modern nomadic communities.
Professor: That’s certainly is a timely topic. In fact, I just read a recent study on this subject. African governments and international agencies are struggling to figure out how to deal with this issue.
Student: I’ve brought you a copy of the proposal and this time I went ahead and did some research first so I know the material is there. It’s not a historical topic. Is that a problem?
Professor: Well, the assignment was to write on an anthropological problem related to an African community. The topic doesn’t necessarily have to be historical.
1. C 2. C 3. B 4. B 5. B
女生去找教授，说自己在写的一篇论文存在困难，困难就是她发现可以找到的材料虽然多，但是研究者们并没有达成共识。教授说研究者确实在这个话题上没有达成共识，因为Berber 人并没有书面语言，所以没有留下直接证据。女生说自 己又换了一个新的主题，但新的主题不是历史事件。教授说没有关系，只要是人类学的话题就可以。