2016年春季基础口译听力真题答案及解析(上)

来源:上外口译培训中心发布时间:2016-10-12

  育路-上海口译培训网整理了2016年春季基础口译听力真题答案及解析,方便各位考生备考复习,希望能够帮助到大家。下面是2016年春季基础口译听力真题的Spot Dictation和Statement部分,内容如下:

  Spot Dictation

  【国外学校培训大学生以预防性侵行为】

  近年来,性侵事件频繁发生,校园性侵问题也引起社会关注。美国等国家也面临同样的问题,让我们了解其它国家如何对待和解决校园性侵问题。本次基口考试的听力部分同样涉及了该话题,教会孩子们如何用合理的方法保护自己。

  The first year of college is usually a time to learn and have fun. Many young people1. enjoy the freedom of living away from home for the first time. For young women in the United States, however, it is a time when they are at high risk of 2. experiencing a sex crime.

  大学第一年通常是学习和玩耍的时候,很多年轻人喜欢首次离家的自由。然而对美国的年轻女性来说,这是她们容易成为性犯罪受害者的高风险时期。

  The U.S. Justice Department reports that American women age 18 to 24 had the 3. highest rate of sexual assault. The study also found that university students were 4. less likely to report such crimes than non-students. Among college women, 5. 9/10 knew the person who sexually assaulted them.

  美国司法部报告称,年龄在18到24岁的美国女性遭受性侵的几率最高,这份研究还发现,与非学生相比,大学生更不可能对此类罪行报警。在大学女生中,每10个人中有9人认识对她们进行性侵的人。

  In Canada, three universities recently 6. ran a program to train female students to avoid sexual assault while in college. The two-year program 7. was available at universities in Calgary, Alberta, and Windsor and Guelph in Ontario, Canada.

  加拿大三所大学最近开展了一个培训女学生以避免学院性侵的项目,这个为期两年的项目在加拿大艾伯塔省卡尔加里大学、安大略省的温莎大学和圭尔夫大学推出。

  该项目涉及的是大一女生,学生们花12个小时来学习如何判断风险、处理情绪以及进行自卫。

  The program involved women in their first year at the schools. The students spent 12 hours learning how to judge risks, deal with emotions, and use 8. self-defense.

  The program taught students to be especially 9. on guard at parties and other high-risk campus social events. The training taught students to attend such events together. If separated, they should 10. check on each other periodically. They should also 11. take extra care in their use of alcohol. At least half of the sexual assaults among college women involve drinking.

  该项目教学生们特别注意防范聚会和其他高风险的校园社交活动,教学生们结伴参加此类活动。如果被分开,她们应不时地查看对方。她们还应该在饮酒时特别小心,大学女生遭受的至少一半性侵都与饮酒有关。

  大约450名学生接受了培训,还有差不多这么多的学生只接受了书面信息,并与培训者进行短暂的会面,得到12小时培训的那一组遭受强奸的风险下降了50%。

  About 450 students received the training. A group of about the same size received only 12. written information and a brief meeting with the trainers. The group that received the 12 hours of training saw an almost 13. 50% drop in risk of rape.

  Study investigators said there were 14. limitations in their research. They noted that the study was designed for women. They wrote that effective interventions that target men's 15. behavior are also needed.

  大约450名学生接受了培训,还有差不多这么多的学生只接受了书面信息,并与培训者进行短暂的会面,得到12小时培训的那一组遭受强奸的风险下降了50%。

  研究的调查者称这份研究存在局限性,他们指出,这份研究针对的是女性,他们称还需要对男性的行为进行有效的干预。

  In the U.S., Harvard, Rutgers and several other universities have also developed "bystander training." This means students 16. offer help if they see someone in danger of being assaulted. The training helps students, both men and women, decide when it is safe to personally intervene and when to 17.call the police.

  Last year, President Barack Obama ordered the establishment of a task 18.force on sexual violence at universities. The investigative group's report advised universities to take 19. several measures. They include methods for researching the sex crime "climate" of the university and improving systems for 20. reporting crimes as well as prevention programs.

  在美国,哈佛、罗格斯和另外几所大学还进行了“旁观者培训”,这意味着一旦学生看到有人有遭受侵犯的风险,就要提供帮助。该培训项目帮助男生和女生决定何时进行干预是安全的,以及何时报警。

  去年,巴拉克·奥巴马总统下令就大学性侵成立特别工作组,该调查小组的报告建议各大学采取几项措施,包括调查大学性侵风气、改善报警体系及预防项目。

  【 解 析 】

  本篇文章标题为【国外学校培训大学生以预防性侵行为】。近年来,性侵事件频繁发生,校园性侵问题也引起社会关注。美国等国家也面临同样的问题,让我们了解其它国家如何对待和解决校园性侵问题。本次基口考试的听力部分同样涉及了该话题,教会孩子们如何用合理的方法保护自己。本文选自VOA慢速英语中Education Report话题。VOA慢速英语历来是基口选材首选,课堂上也强调过很多遍VOA慢速英语的重要性,它对于提高基口甚至整体英语水平都非常有帮助。

  本篇Spot Dictation难点

  9/10,听力文本为nine out of ten,注意分数的表达方式,9/10也可表达为nine-tenths。

  ran,这个单词本身不难,但是此处音频中的ran和a连读,因此比较难判断,此时可以通过上下文大胆猜测。run a program解释为“开展一个项目”。

  self-defense,defense也可拼为defence,这是合成形容词,注意当中的连字符不能漏。

  on guard,警惕,防范,相当于副词的用法,注意on和guard要分开,这是一个词组。

  written information,解释为书面信息,注意written的拼写,不规则动词表要好好背。

  50% drop,SD经常出数字考察题,注意区分fifty和fifteen,以及百分号的表达方式,写符号最佳。

  reporting crimes,for介词后跟动名词形成动宾结构,此空可通过语法检查是否出错。

  Statement

  【整体解析】此次statements难度不大,很多都是来自于听力教程的原题。细心观察,不难发现,此次考试很多题目都是稍作改变。所以一定要吃透教程,活学活用。

  1. 原文:That maths problem is so hard and challenging one, even for Dick.

  A. Dick didn’t think that was a difficult problem.

  B. Dick is unusually good at math.

  C. Dick thought it was a hard problem for me.

  D. No one thought that was a hard problem to solve

  选B。【解析】类似题目,详见听力教程P5第五题,The math problem was a hard one,even for Diana.选项就换了个人名。吃透教程很重要。

  2. 原文:The rent for the house on the Allen Street is due on the last day of each month.

  A. You should rent an apartment at the end of this month.

  B. You are supposed to pay the rent at the end of every month.

  C. You have to come and collect the rent on the last day of each month.

  D. The first thing you need to do each month is to rent an apartment.

  选B。【解析】类似题目,详见听力教程P5第六题,The rent is due on the last day of each month.选项be supposed to do sth.应该做某事。

  3. 原文:Jeff plays football every other weekend together with college classmates.

  A. He goes to play every two weeks.

  B. He plays football every two weeks

  C. He enjoys going to the plays.

  D. He’s too weak to play football every day.

  选B。【解析】类似题目,详见听力教程P5第七题,Jeff plays football every other weekend.

  4. 原文:You think the T-shirt is suitable to wear on such a cold day ?

  A. I think the T-shirt is too casual to wear on such an occasion.

  B. I think you should wear a cooler shirt.

  C. I don’t like the color of your shirt.

  D. I think it’s too cold a day to wear such a T-shirt.

  选D。【解析】类似题目,详见听力教程P332第四题,Do you think that sweater is suitable to wear on such a hot day?

  5. 原文:The town has an area of 46 square kilometers and a population of 18,000.

  A. The town has a population of 18460.

  B. The town has an area of 46,000 square kilometers.

  C. The town has a population of 46,000.

  D. There are 8,000 people living in an area of 46 square kilometers.

  选A。【解析】数字题,所以在听的时候一定要做好标注。

  6. 原文:No sooner had the plane landed safely than it started to snow. Everybody cheered

  A. It started to snow soon after the plane landed.

  B. Because of the heavy snow the plane couldn’t land.

  C. It snowed too soon for the plane to land.

  D. It started to snow and just at that time the plane landed.

  选D。【解析】一听到No sooner ... than...那个亲切呀。表示一......就......,采用了倒装。做过类似题目。

  P322第7题:No sooner had Sue got into the pub than it started to rain.

  7. 原文:You have to pay a fine unless you return the book to the library immediately.

  A. You should return the books to the library at once ,otherwise you will be fined.

  B. No matter what you do, you will be fined.

  C. You don’t need to return the book since everything in fine.

  D. It doesn’t matter whether you return the book to the library.

  选A。【解析】做过类似题目,详见教程P261,第2题。There is a fine if the library books are even one day overdue.考试的题目更简单,有木有!

  8. 原文:The big dinner cost us 50 dollars, at tip the waiter I left 10% of our dinner check.

  A. The speaker got a 10% of discount of the dinner.

  B. The waiter was tipped 5 dollars.

  C. The dinner cost the speaker too much and he refused to tip the waiter.

  D. The speaker paid 60 dollars in all for the dinner.

  选B。【解析】数字题,小小计算难不倒你。tip可以表示建议,此处表示小费。

  9. 原文:Mr White, I was terribly sorry for my late.But you know my tyre got a flat on the road.

  A. The speaker overslept this morning and he was late.

  B. The speaker came out of his flat too late.

  C. On the road, the tyre got a puncture and the air let out.

  D. The speaker was held in the traffic jam.

  选C。【解析】flat可以表示公寓,也可以表示平坦的;平的。my tyre got a flat on the road很明显是轮胎没气了。

  10. 原文:Thanks to the shortcut, I can drive you to 0the railway station on time.

  A. The speaker was good at driving and he caught the train at last.

  B. The railway station was quite near and the speaker reached there on time.

  C. The speaker took a route which shortened the distance.

  D. The speaker was cut, so someone else drove him to the railway station.

  选C。【解析】真福利,口译听力讲义原题。shortcut是捷径的意思。

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