2013年9月高级口译听力真题及解析(三)

来源:中大网校发布时间:2015-05-11

  2015年9月上海英语高级口译考试临近,上海口译考试网为各位高级口译考生搜集整理了2013年9月高级口译听力真题及解析,便于各位考生利用真题进行备考复习。

  Listening comprehension 2

  London, the United Kingdom

  The UK housing market is seeing a slight pick-up in activity with mortgage lending and prices both rising, figures have suggested. Gross mortgage lending was up 4% in April, compared with March, to £12.1bn, according to the Council of Mortgage Lenders. This was 21% higher than April 2012, but this data is skewed by the end of the stamp duty concession a year ago. Official figures show UK house prices rose by 2.7% in the past twelve months. However, this was driven by rises in England and Wales, with property price falls in Scotland and Northern Ireland, according to the Office for National Statistics.

  【文章大意】英国房地产市场略有回暖,抵押借贷活动增加,房价上涨。题目考查数字细节。

  pick-up 上涨

  mortgage lending 抵押借贷

  skew 歪曲

  Paris, France

  Developed economies returned to growth in the first three months of the year, although the euro zone continued to lag behind the U.S. and Japan, according to figures released by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Tuesday. The Paris-based research body said the combined gross domestic product of its 34 developed-country members grew by 0.4% from the final three months of 2012. There were “diverging patterns” across its members, but that largely involved a contrast between contractions in France, Italy and the euro zone as a whole, and a pickup in growth in Japan, the U.S. and the U.K. With growth so unbalanced and business and consumer confidence weak in the face of uncertainties surrounding the outcome of the euro zone’s fiscal crisis and fiscal difficulties in the U.S., economists don’t expect a strong pickup in global growth in the near term.

  【文章大意】今年第一季度,发达国家经济恢复增长,欧元区仍落后于美国日本。考查信息推断。

  euro-zone 欧元区(统一使用欧元的国家地区)

  lag behind 落后

  diverge 分开,偏离

  Washington, the United States

  Apple has been accused of being "among America's largest tax avoiders". A Senate committee said Apple had used "a complex web of offshore entities" to avoid paying billions of dollars in US income taxes. But it said there was no indication the firm acted illegally. Apple chief Tim Cook will go before the panel on Tuesday. In prepared testimony Apple said it did not use tax gimmicks. The US Senate had said that Apple paid little or nothing on billions of dollars in profits placed in Irish subsidiaries. The company says it is one of the largest taxpayers in the US, having paid $6bn in federal corporate income tax in the 2012 fiscal year. US corporation tax is one of the highest in the world at 35%. However, companies typically pay far less, thanks to numerous deductions and exemptions.

  【文章大意】苹果公司被指避税。考查主旨大意。

  tax avoidance 避税

  offshore 海外的

  gimmick 花招,伎俩

  exemption 豁免,免税

纠错

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