Some people believe that university students should pay all the costs of studies because university education only benefits students themselves not the society as a whole. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Are university graduates the only beneficiaries of tertiary education? The answer is absolutely “No”. Personally, government and college students should be jointly responsible for the costs involved in providing university courses for the reason that both of them can be benefitted.
2015年教育类老话题，重点抓住题干中的极端词“all”, “only”，立场：不同意。相关话题：(1) In some countries, students pay their college or university fees, while in some others, government pays for them. Do you think the advantages that government pays the money outweigh the disadvantages? (2) Today, university students’ tuition is paid in one of the following ways: 1.all paid by government; 2.all paid by students themselves; 3. all paid by students using a loan and repaid after graduation. Compare the advantages of these three ways and choose the one you think is the best.
Ø beneficiary n. 受益人,受惠者
Ø tertiary adj. <英> (继初等、中等教育之后的)高等教育的,大学教育的
Ø jointly adv. 联合地,共同地
Admittedly, higher education can bring certain gains to individual students. More accurately, it is through pursuing college-level education that students acquire professional knowledge and skills which will facilitate them to secure a decent job with a generous salary so as to earn their daily sustenance after graduation. Meanwhile, having participated in diverse seminars and lectures, students can also sharpen their wits, think out of the box, and spice up their lives. In this case, it is justifiable to charge ordinary students a reasonable tuition fee. As to the students from impoverished families, they can finish college via loans provided by the government.
题干中隐藏“因果关系”，是论述立场时的关键。[让步] 个人受益：保证获得工作，养活自己 → 个人应该承担学费;考虑低保家庭，政府可提供贷款辅助完成学业
Ø secure vt. 获得
Ø generous adj. 慷慨的;丰富的
Ø spice up v. 增添趣味
Ø impoverished adj. 非常贫困的
However, I am totally against that individual graduates are the only beneficiaries, which indicates that behind higher education are more upsides for the society as a whole. To illustrate, those students who have a facility for academics are more likely to be nurtured into talents through tertiary education, which will inject vitality into scientific domains conducive to social soundness, such as healthcare, engineering, national defence, etc. Additionally, ordinary graduates, having cultivated the professional skills, will engage themselves in all walks of life, which will in the long term guarantee the whole society a more vigorous and productive workforce. In this sense, the government ought to allocate some budgets in the form of scholarships and subsidies that can offset part of students’ tuition fees.
[立论] 对社会有好处：1. 有天赋的学生可以被培养成人才，为科研领域注入新鲜血液;2. 普通学生：更有活力的劳动市场 → 政府应该“以奖学金或补贴的方式”投入费用
Ø facility n. 天赋
Ø nurture vt. 培育，培养
Ø vitality n. 生命力，生机
Ø conducive to adj. 对…有用
Ø offset vt. 抵消，补偿
In light of the above, students and authorities should jointly pay for the tuition fees, since both of them are benefitted from university education.