雅思大作文真题参考范文:科技与犯罪的关系

来源:上海新航道 时间:2021-10-08 10:13:53

  9月26雅思大作文题目

  Some people think technological development can reduce crime, while others think it actually encourages crime.

  Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

  高分范文及解析

  01

  (交代背景)The world we live in today is filled with a myriad (许多) of wondrous(了不起的)technological developments.(复述题目)These advancements have benefited people’s lives in many ways, but there has been a debate over whether improved technology reduces or encourages crime. (作者观点)I believe technological development encourages crime.

  02

  (让步)It must be conceded(承认)that in many ways technology aids in crime prevention and forensics(法医学;辩论术). Security systems such as surveillance cameras and financial tracking databases discourage would-be criminals from breaking the law, as they are aware of the ease with which they may be tracked, caught, and prosecuted(起诉). Also, new breakthroughs in DNA testing and computer simulations have made it easier to reconstruct crime scenes and identify criminals. (转折)However, the issue with this argument is that not all criminals are dissuaded(劝阻) by the knowledge of these systems, and while they do increase the likelihood of catching people who have committed crimes, these technological improvements do not necessarily prevent the crimes themselves from occurring.

  03

  (递进)It should also be noted that new improvements in technology have made it easier for so-called white-collar crime to take place. The theft of money and information through hacking of computer databases, demanding ransom(赎金) from companies whose servers are hijacked through the infection of intranets with viruses, and transactions of illicit(非法的) goods and services using digital currencies have all become more commonplace due to new technologies. Take for example the high-profile case of the Silk Road website(丝路网), a private internet domain that was used by drug dealers and other criminal entrepreneurs to sell their goods and services. This highly illegal site was only made possible thanks to the advent of the cryptocurrency(加密货币) Bitcoin, which was the primary means of exchange on the site. Therefore, with new technology, new crimes and ways of committing crime are given life.

  04

  (复述作者观点)In sum, technological development may ultimately lead to the encouragement and creation of new crime. (总结让步与转折)While technology can in some ways make it easier to locate criminals, its ability to prevent crimes from happening is minimal at best. (总结作者观点)Rather, new devices and technologies aid in the expansion of criminal enterprise and necessitate(使……成为必要) greater effort on the part of crime-fighting forces.

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