雅思写作范文解析:为何人们保持不健康的生活方式

来源:智课教育 时间:2019-07-16 15:08:20

   雅思写作考试拿高分并不容易,尤其是在大作文部分,难度比较大。那么大家如何结合有效备考提升自己写作水平呢,下面小编为大家带来了雅思写作范文解析-为何人们保持不健康的生活方式,大家可以参考一下。

  题目

  Scientists advise people to lead a healthy lifestyle, but most people continue with unhealthy activities. Why? Solutions.

  题型:问题解决

  翻译:科学家建议人们培养健康生活方式,但多数人依旧保持不健康的生活习惯。为何会如此?有哪些解决方案?

  写作结构

  开头段:话题背景介绍

  原因段 1:(人们保持不健康生活习惯的原因)理由 1 + 论证

  原因段 2:(人们保持不健康生活习惯的原因)理由 2 + 论证

  解决方案段:从 2 个角度讨论可以用来解决该问题的方案。

  范文分析

  开头段

  交代背景:科学家们倡导人们保持健康的生活方式,但还有很多人保持不健康的生活方式。

  背景句:Currently, a great number of scientists and scientific reports have advocated a healthy lifestyle for the public. However, most of the population are still leading an unhealthy lifestyle and keeping physically-harmful habits.

  写作目的:Reasons for such phenomenon will be analyzed and relevant solutions will be offered as follows.

  原因段 1

  段落大意:对于健康生活方式的意识缺失和概念偏差导致了人们一直在采取不健康的生活方式。

  主题句:Lack of awareness and conceptual bias in healthy lifestyles have led to people taking an unhealthy lifestyle.

  递进解释:有很多人本来就没有健康生活的意识和概念;大家对于”健康生活方式“的标准也各不相同。

  Firstly, the absence of the awareness of a healthy lifestyle could be a fundamental cause. Due to the lack of scientific education and instruction, many people have no conception of a healthy lifestyle. Secondly, the disagreement on the conception itself, along with cultural and habitual differences, also results in divergent behaviours. Despite that scientists constantly offer advise, many people don’t even consider their suggestion as a fixed norm. Nevertheless, people would rather set their own standard when it comes to how to keep fit and live healthily.

  原因段2

  段落大意:有众多客观和主观因素使人们难以实践健康生活方式。

  主题句:On the other hand, the practice of healthy lifestyle can be hindered by both objective and subjective factors, even though one is conscious of the existence of unhealthy habits.

  递进解释:导致人们难以执行健康生活方式的客观外界因素包括工作和生活上的压力;而主观因素包括已形成的长期个人习惯如暴饮暴食、酗酒熬夜等。

  The objective and external impediments include the increasing stress from work and urban life. Young professionals have to endure long hours of work and lack of personal time, which leads to sleep deprivation and insufficient time to cook healthy meals for themselves. The subjective obstacles usually originate from personal habits. Many people are already addicted to unhealthy lifestyles, such as overeating, excessively consuming high-calorie food and alcohol, and staying up late. Even if they attempt to adopt a healthier way, they would still find it a tough job due to the long existence of personal preferences.

  解决方案段

  从政府和媒体的角度为该问题提供解决方案:政府可制定政策敦促企业限制加班时间、鼓励员工平衡生活与工作,并投资健身场所;媒体可加大对于医学知识、健康饮食和健身养生的宣传。

  Possible solutions are offered in the perspectives of the government and media. The government should carry out policies to urge the employers to regulate extra working hours and encourage a work-life balance among employees. A certain amount of funding should also be invested in the construction and maintenance of sports venues and facilities to boost the citizens’ participation in outdoor activities. The media also play a significant role in the mission. More scientific and educational documentaries should be produced to inform people of medical knowledge, healthy diets and fitness regimes. Therefore, the audience could obtain helpful information from watching those productions on a daily basis.

  重点表达

  advocate v. 倡导

  conception n. 概念

  divergent adj. 分歧的,背道而驰的

  be hindered by 被某事阻碍

  impediment n. 障碍,阻碍

  sleep deprivation 睡眠不足

  on a daily basis 每天

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