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雅思阅读测验:What is millennial burnout?

来源:BBC英语教学 发布时间:2019-04-14

  每个人都会时不时地因为工作、家庭或生活而感到压力。但 “千禧一代” 的年轻人说,和出生在其它年代的人们相比,他们承受的压力最大,人们将其称作 “千禧一代的倦怠感”。来做做相关文章的雅思阅读测验,了解一下这一现象出现的背景及原因吧。

  原文

  Do you often feel stressed? Does the pace of life make you feel like you're continually on the go or at the end of your rope? Are you often so wiped out by work that you struggle to switch off? And are you a member of the millennial generation, who, according to the Pew Research Center, were born between 1981 and 1996? If your answer to these questions is 'yes', maybe you suffer from 'millennial burnout'.

  Millennial burnout is a term first popularised by BuzzFeed writer Anne Helen Petersen. Unlike 'regular' burnout, which leaves sufferers feeling physically and emotionally frazzled, run into the ground and overwhelmed, millennial burnout also adds, among other things, 'errand paralysis'. This is when minor tasks, such as cleaning the car, or sending a parcel in the mail, feel impossible. "It's not as if I were slacking in the rest of my life," she wrote. "But when it came to the stuff that wouldn't make my job easier or my work better, I avoided it." So it doesn't get done, which leads to a backlog of tasks and feelings of shame.

  In the UK, 74% of us feel so stressed that we are coming apart at the seams, mentalhealth.org reports. So why are millennials tearing their hair out? Millennials feel their problems are 'exacerbated by social media, because of the constant pressure to be living up to your best life,' British psychotherapist Beverly Hills told the BBC. This pressure is made worse when the definition of 'success' seems to have changed. It used to be about earning money, but now it's things like being passionate about work, being super-healthy, holidaying and having amazing experiences, etc. That's a lot to have on your plate and the 'failure' to cope leaves many feeling guilty, ashamed and at their wits' end.

  However, the concept of millennial burnout has not gone unchallenged. Many have said that it's merely a form of entitled laziness or the result of poor choices – for example, trying to do too much. After all, as psychoanalyst Josh Cohen writes for NBC, this isn't the first generation to suffer from overwork and exhaustion, nor is it the first to have to adapt to new forms of technology and culture. Could the answer simply be that millennial ambition reaches too far?

  The jury is still out on whether millennial burnout is real or not – though it isn't a recognised medical condition. Whether it will become one is unknown. So for the time being, try not to stress about it.

  词汇表

  stressed 有压力的

  on the go 忙个不停

  at the end of your rope 智穷力竭

  wiped out 精疲力尽的

  switch off 放松

  burnout 劳累过度

  frazzled 疲惫的

  run into the ground 拼命工作,累得筋疲力尽

  overwhelmed 难以承受的

  slack 偷懒

  come apart at the seams 崩溃

  tear one’s hair out 焦虑不堪

  exacerbate 使恶化,使加重

  pressure 压力

  have a lot on one’s plate 有很多工作要做

  cope 处理,应付

  at your wits' end 束手无策

  测验与练习

  1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

  1. According to the article, who are the millennial generation?

  2. What is 'errand paralysis'?

  3. According to Beverly Hills, why do millennials feel millennial burnout?

  4. True or false: Everyone agrees that millennial burnout is real.

  5. Which word in the text means 'feeling that you have the right to do or have something because of who you are'?

  2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

  1. What a full day! I'm totally ______. I feel like I could sleep for a week!

  on the go at the end of your rope slacking wiped out

  2. I'm sorry, boss, I've got ______. I'm already managing three other projects.

  a lot on my plate a lot in my bowl a lot on my tray a lot in my cup

  3. I've had three children! I can easily ______ with one baby for an evening. Go and relax.

  switch off stress cope exacerbate

  4. We ______ the problem by borrowing more money than we could pay back.

  strengthened furthered intense exacerbated

  5. John! Stop sleeping at your desk! I don't want to see you ______ again!

  burnout slacking tearing your hair out overwhelmed

  参考答案

  1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

  1. According to the Pew Research Center, who are the millennial generation?

  The millennial generation are people born between 1981 and 1996.

  2. What is 'errand paralysis'?

  'Errand paralysis' is an inability to complete minor tasks such as cleaning the car or posting a parcel.

  3. According to Beverly Hills, why do millennials feel millennial burnout?

  They are exacerbated by social media because of the constant pressure to be living up to their best life.

  4. True or false: Everyone agrees that millennial burnout is real.

  False. Some consider it to be entitled laziness, or the result of poor choices. Nor is it a recognised medical condition.

  5. Which word in the text means 'feeling that you have the right to do or have something because of who you are'?

  Entitled. (Many have said that it's merely a form of entitled laziness)

  2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

  1. What a full day! I'm totally wiped out. I feel like I could sleep for a week!

  2. I'm sorry, boss, I've got a lot on my plate. I'm already managing three other projects.

  3. I've had three children! I can easily cope with one baby for an evening. Go and relax.

  4. We exacerbated the problem by borrowing more money than we could pay back.

  5. John! Stop sleeping at your desk! I don't want to see you slacking again!

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